Chapter 10 Vocabulary 1. Homer: A Greek who had supposedly written both, “The Illiad” and “The Odyssey” Epic poems which retell the story of the Trojan War and after the Trojan War. He’s also believed to have not existed. 2. Alexander of Macedon: Heir to the throne of his father Philip of Macedon, Alexander of Macedon, or Alexander the Great, was a young king who had conquered most of the Persian Empire. He was a brilliant strategist and an inspired leader. 3. Socrates: (470-399 BCE) Socrates was an Athenian Philosopher. His thoughtful and reflective mind was driven by the understanding human beings and human affairs. 4.
Plato: (530-347BCE) Plato was a “disciple” of Socrates teachings and was also a Philosopher. He had theorized over Forms and Ideas. 5. Aristotle: (384-322 BCE) Aristotle was a “disciple” to Plato. He had disagreed with Plato’s theory of Form and Idea. 6. Athens: City-state in Greece, Athens was the city-state that had brought the idea of Democracy into the world. Athens can be an early example of Democracy in the Ancient world. 7. Sparta: City-state in Greece, this city-state had no distinctive feature in its social class because its government was based on who controlled the Military, an early example of Military Dictatorship. . Delian League: An alliance that was set up to defend against any further invasions from Persia after the Persian War. 9. Peloponnesian Wars: Civil conflict between the two powerful poleis, Athens and Sparta. Began from 431 BCE and ended 404 BCE. With the Peloponnesian war going on, it had weakened Greece and destroyed the Delian League. 10. Hellenistic Age: Second phase in Greek history (328-146 BCE) from the conquest of Greece by Philip of Macedon until Greece’s fall to the Romans; this era was a more cosmopolitan age facilitated by the conquests of Alexander the Great.