Chapter 29 America: a Narrative History Outline Essay

)Isolationism a)Non-interventionism b)Avoid alliances with other nations c)Avoid being drawn into wars while maintaining participation in global economic affairs and trade 2)Washington Conference (1921) a)Attended by United States, Japan, China, France, Britain, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, and Portugal b)The Soviet Union was not invited c)Called by President Warren G. Harding d)Held in Washington from November 1921 to February 1922 e)Resulted in the Five-Power treaty, the Four-Power treaty, and the Nine-Power treaty f)Conference was held for countries having interest in the Pacific Ocean and East Asia 3)Five-Power Treaty )Also known as the Washington Naval Treaty b)Meant to limit naval construction and prevent an arms race of the powers following World War I c)Signed by Britain, the United States, Japan, France, and Italy d)Limited construction of battleships, battle cruisers, and aircraft careers 4)Four-Power Treaty a)Signed by the United States, Great Britain, France, and Japan b)Follow-on to the Lansing-Ishii Treaty i)Lansing-Ishii Treaty (1)Signed by the United States and Japan over dispute with China (2)Both pledged an Open-Door Policy with China )Nine-Power Treaty a)Signed by all nine attendees of the Washington Conference b)Confirmed an Open-Door Policy to China i)Open Door Note Policy-From 1899 to 1900 under President McKinley and initiated by John Hay, it allowed powers to share China with no power having sole power in China. It was not isolationist. 6)The Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928) a)The pact was a result of America’s effort to avoid European alliances b)Prohibited using war as an instrument of national policy )Signed by a number of countries such as the United States, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Japan, Germany, and other countries 7)The “Good Neighbor”

Policy a)Policy of Franklin D. Roosevelt to Latin American countries b)Non-intervention and non-interference in Latin America 8)Nye Committee a)Committee of the Senate which investigated the causes of America’s involvement in World War I b)Factored in support for the neutrality in the early stages of World War II 9)Neutrality Act of 1935 )Imposed a general embargo on trading arms and war materials with all other countries in a war. b)American citizens traveling on warships traveled at their own risks. c)Set to expire after 6 months d)Roosevelt revoked the act after Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia in October of 1935 10)Neutrality Act of 1936-1937 a)Renewed provisions of the 1935 act for another 14 months b)Didn’t cover civil wars c)Didn’t cover materials like trucks and oil )Companies like Texaco, Standard Oil Company, Ford, General Motors, and Studebaker used the loophole to sell items to Franco, the Spanish Dictator 11)Neutrality Act of 1937 a)Renewed the provisions of the previous acts with no expiration and included civil wars b)Outlawed arms trade with Spain c)U. S. ships were prohibited from transporting any passengers or articles to hostile nations 12)Cash-and-Carry a)Policy requested by Franklin D. Roosevelt b)Replaced Neutrality Acts c)Its purpose was to hold neutrality between United States and European countries while still aiding Britain

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