Intro to Criminology Essay

1)Consider what you learned from the chapter on Victimization what measures can you take to better protect yourself from crime? I would try and take martial arts to better protect myself, and this is a great form of self defense. I would also try not to walk alone on dark, deserted streets, I would make sure someone is with me at all times, and if I am carrying a wallet or purse I would try and keep it out of sight for others to see, and also I would make sure I don’t carry a lot of money on me in case I get robbed, they wouldn’t be getting much.

If I was going out alone at night, I would let friends and family know where I am going, and I would make sure to call when I reach my destination, and if I don’t call then something happened, start looking for me or call the police. I would make sure that when I am away from my vehicle that the doors are locked, and my vehicle is kepted in a place where it can be seen by others. Another way I would protect myself against crime is carry pepper spray, or in some states where its legal u can carry a gun with you. )What would your advice be to freshman girls to lower their risk of being sexually assaulted? Be aware of your surroundings. Knowing where you are and who is around you may help you to find a way to get out of a bad situation.

Try to avoid isolated areas. It is more difficult to get help if no one is around. Walk with purpose. Even if you don’t know where you are going, act like you do. Trust your instincts. If a situation or location feels unsafe or uncomfortable, it probably isn’t the best place to be. Try not to load yourself down with packages or bags as this can make you appear more ulnerable. Make sure your cell phone is with you and charged and that you have cab money. Don’t allow yourself to be isolated with someone you don’t trust or someone you don’t know. Avoid putting music headphones in both ears so that you can be more aware of your surroundings, especially if you are walking alone. 3) Aside from being a criminal what other career paths are open to psychopaths?

Psychopathy is a mental dysfunction, but not necessarily an uncontrolled personality trait. Many businesspersons, politicians, entertainers, etc. ave the traits, but a monitored environment, with safeguards and buffers against extreme behavior leading to antisocial destructive results, can give the psychopath a pathway into the free enterprise system: careers that call for charm, immediate attraction, and magnetic connection, such as sales where the buyer is as much taken with the salesperson as with the actual product, can make use of the psychopath’s immediate qualities, as long as there is a clear-headed superior to rein in the social damage inherent in fully believing the psychopath’s story. 4) Should sugar be banned from school lunches?

Students will attempt to smuggle in junk food even if it is banned. Enforcing such a ban would force school officials to dig through lunchboxes, lockers and desks. This would harm students’ privacy. It is up to parents to decide what food their children can eat. If children want to include a bit of junk food in their lunches, they should be allowed to do so. Junk food is not bad in itself , in moderation junk food can be part of a healthy diet Students might be more likely to go off the school grounds to eat meals. Food from local fast food restaurants might be worse than school lunches, even if those school lunches contain some junk food.

Students should be trusted to make decisions about their diet. Schools should provide information about healthy eating to the students, but leave the decisions up to them. If junk food is banned at school, students will continue to eat junk food before and after school. 5) What is Social Process theory? Social process theory views criminality as a function of people’s interactions with various organizations, institutions, and processes in society; people in all walks of life have the potential to become criminals if they maintain destructive social relationships.

Social process theory has three main branches: social learning theory stresses that people learn how to commit crimes; social control theory analyzes the failure of society to control criminal tendencies; and labeling theory maintains that negative labels produce criminal careers. “The social learning branch of social process theory suggests that people learn criminal behavior much as they learn conventional behavior. Differential association theory, formulated by Sutherland, holds that criminality results from a person’s perceiving an excess of definitions in favor of crime over definitions that uphold conventional values” (Siegel 1). )

What is Rational Choice theory? The fact that people act rationally has, of course, been recognized by many sociologists, but they have seen rational actions alongside other forms of action, seeing human action as involving both rational and non-rational elements. Such views of action recognize traditional or habitual action, emotional or effectual action, and various forms of value oriented action alongside the purely rational types of action. What distinguishes rational choice theory from these other forms of theory is that it denies the existence of any kinds of action other than the purely rational and calculative.

All social action, it is argued, can be seen as rationally motivated, as instrumental action, however much it may appear to be irrational or non-rational. 7) What is Trait Theory? Criminals differ from noncriminal on a number of biological and psychological traits. These traits cause crime in interaction with the social environment. Trait theory also encompasses behavioral theories. Behavioral theories maintain that human actions are developed through learning experiences. Social learning theorists view violence as something learned through exposure to social models such as parents who teach aggressive tactics in dealing with others.